Common Cat Diseases

common cat diseases

Cats are excellent at self-care. Some of the more common cat diseases and health problems can’t be avoided by even the most meticulous feline. We just want to make sure that our cats are safe and sound. However, keeping our cats safe can entail treating them for any common feline illnesses.

As a cat parent, it’s important to know the signs and symptoms of common illnesses so that you can obtain medical assistance for your feline companion as soon as possible. Continue reading to learn about diseases and other medical conditions that commonly affect cats.

Cats are getting sick in their lifetime once or twice. It’s not a matter that how can you take care of your pussy. Sometimes it will be easy to cure the diseases but sometimes it may critical to us for a minor infection.

Cats may become critically ill at any moment. So it’s a good idea to be prepared. Most illnesses can be medicated or otherwise corrected before any real damage is done, whether it’s due to a virus, illness, or disease. The trick is to catch them early.

Here is a list of common cat diseases:

1. Vomiting

Vomiting is a very common cat diseases issue in cats, and it can be caused by a variety of things. They include everything from consuming something toxic or inedible to infection, urinary tract disease, diabetes, and hairballs.

Drooling and abdominal heaving are two of the most common symptoms. Vomiting will easily dehydrate your cat, so if the kitty starts to vomit or acts sick, contact your veterinarian right away.

2)Cancer

cats diseases cancer

Cancer in cats is next on our agenda. Although cancer is more common in dogs, we do see it in cats on a regular basis. Despite the fact that it is more uncommon in cats when it does occur, the consequences are much more severe than in dogs with cancer.

Cancer in kitty cats, like cancer in humans, can be confined to a single part of the body. Tumours can form and spread throughout the body, especially in areas where cells develop quickly.

Cancer in kitty cats, like cancer in humans, can be confined to a single part of the body. Tumours can form and spread across the body, where cells develop quickly and infiltrate different parts of the cat’s body. Cancer in cats is often caused by both hereditary and environmental factors.

Symptoms in cats can include:

  • Lumps
  • Swelling
  • Bad breath
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Diarrhoea
  • Vomiting

3)Diabetes

cat diabetes

Diabetes is caused by a deficiency of hormonal insulin in cats and affects them all over the world. Cat diabetes, like human diabetes, is divided into two types: Type I and Type II. Type I diabetes is defined by a lack of insulin production, whereas Type II diabetes is defined by reduced insulin production and the failure to produce hormones.

We want to emphasize that this condition is manageable, and many cats, like humans, will live long and stable lives with diabetes. While it isn’t as debilitating as some of the diseases higher on the chart, we had to include it because of its prevalence.

Diabetes cat symptoms include:

  • Excessive water consumption
  • Dehydration
  • Increased urination
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Lethargic behaviour

4)Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

 Cat Kidney Disease

One of the most common cat diseases is chronic kidney disease (CKD). Renal failure is more common in older, fully grown cats, but it can also happen in kittens. When your cat has chronic kidney disease, it’s important to get a correct diagnosis as soon as possible so you can ensure your cat’s comfort.

Kidney failure can be caused by your cat consuming something toxic, in addition to old age. It’s important that all potentially toxic things are kept out of sight of the cat. It’s possible that your cat has chronic kidney disease if you observe them losing their vision or losing weight. Other signs and symptoms of feline kidney disease are listed below:

Bad breath

Brown tongue

Dry coat of fur

Constipation

Vomiting or diarrhoea

Frequent urination

Increased thirst

As always, if you have any of these signs, contact your veterinarian right away. To treat your pet, further testing and blood work will be needed.

5)Rabies

rabies cat disease

We all know that rabies isn’t just a cat disease; it can affect any animal. When your pet is bitten by an infected animal, it preys on the brain and spinal cords as a viral infection. Involuntary muscle contraction, foaming at the mouth, and aggressiveness are the most common signs.

Unfortunately, if your cat has been infected with rabies, the fatality rate is nearly 100% once signs appear. There are, however, a few things you can do to help your cat from contracting rabies. The only way to contract rabies is for another infected animal to bite your pet, making this highly infectious common cat diseases.

You can reduce the chance of your beloved kitty being bitten by limiting the amount of time your cat spends outside or not letting your cat out at night. If your cat must go outside, keep an eye on them before they return safely home.

6)Upper Respiratory Infection

Upper Respiratory Infection cat disease

Upper respiratory infections are the first item on our list, and they affect cats of all shapes and sizes. These can spread to other cats in your home, so it’s important to have your cat treated for their own health as well as the health of others. Upper respiratory infections (URIs) are infections of the head, nose, mouth, and sinuses that are spread by sneezing, coughing, or licking.

Symptoms can include:

  • Sneezing
  • Congestion
  • Cough
  • Gagging
  • Fever
  • Depression
  • Open-mouth breathing

If your cat is infected, they will become lifelong carriers and pass the infection on to other cats. Owners can avoid this by ensuring that their cat receives annual veterinarian visits and vaccines. Since the disease is only spread between cats, keep your cat indoors as much as possible and restrict their time outside.

7)Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

FIV cat disease

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is a slow-moving disease that mostly affects the immune system of cats. It can take a long time for symptoms to appear. FIV weakens the immune system and makes cats more vulnerable to infections.

FIV symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Fur loss
  • Eye infections
  • Enlarged lymph nodes

The virus can be contracted in just two forms, one of which is more common than the other. Like rabies, the most common way to contract FIV is through a bite from an infected animal, most commonly a cat. The disease may also be passed down through the generations, but the odds of this happening are extremely small.

While there is no cure for FIV, there are many drugs that can help your cat live for years before the disease progresses to the chronic stages. As long as they’re kept indoors, many FIV-positive cats live long and stable lives.

8)Feline Panleukopenia (FPLV)

Because of the disease’s seriousness and contagiousness, it ranks high on our chart. Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPLV) is an immune and nervous system disease that affects cats. It can affect both wild and domesticated cats, unlike other feline diseases. FPLV is the leading cause of death in cats held in unsanitary environments, such as wild or filthy homes.

The term “panleukopenia” refers to a reduction in the number of white blood cells in the body. FPLV destroys white blood cells, causing heart problems that may lead to your cat’s death. The virus, also known as cat plague, is highly infectious and can cause paralysis in some animals.

Symptoms can include:

  • Anorexia
  • Lethargy
  • Bloody diarrhoea
  • Biting of the tail or legs
  • Loose, elastic-like skin

Although there is currently no cure for FPLV, veterinarians advise that your cat be vaccinated as soon as possible to prevent further complications from this cat heart disease. Medications and therapies may not cure the disease, but they can increase the chances of contracting it.

9)Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)

The Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV), which is the most common cause of death and disease in all domestic cats, is at the top of the list. FeLV, like the other diseases mentioned so far, preys on cats’ immune systems and can lead to a variety of secondary illnesses if the immune system is compromised.

This disease is only passed from cat to cat and can be spread by saliva, blood, feces, or urine. FeLV symptoms may not appear for a long time, which is why we recommend having your cat tested by a veterinarian before bringing them into your home.

FeLV Symptoms:

  • Bloody gums
  • Rapid weight change
  • Tumours
  • Lethargy

Only a veterinarian can accurately diagnose FeLV by administering blood tests to your pet. It sounds uncomfortable, but it’s the only way to be sure you’re free of the virus. All feline diseases, including this one, need prevention, and this one is no exception.

To protect your cat from FeLV, be vigilant and vaccinate them. Vaccinations can add up quickly. Prudent Pet reimburses policyholders up to 90% of the cost of the FeLV vaccine, so you won’t even have to pay a quarter of the cost.

10)Broken Bones

Fractures or fractured bones, which are particularly common in outdoor cats, can occur quickly and be difficult to detect. When cats are distracted or frightened, they are often bowled over by passing vehicles or fall from rooftops or trees.

They are unable to communicate their discomfort to you. Moaning or howling more often, louder, and for longer than normal, loss of appetite, and swelling in the affected region are all signs to watch out for. If your cat moans when softly handled, they are probably in pain. If you suspect your pet has a broken bone, you can take them to the veterinarian as soon as possible. They’ll be in a lot of discomforts.

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